Responsive design is a web design approach that makes web pages render well on a variety of devices and window or screen sizes. It aims to provide optimal viewing and interaction experience—easy reading and navigation with a minimum of resizing, panning, and scrolling—across a wide range of devices.
Responsive design is widely used in web development. It uses a mix of flexible grids and layouts, images and an intelligent use of CSS media queries. As the user switches from their laptop to iPad, the website should automatically switch to accommodate for resolution, image size and scripting abilities.
With the increasing variety of devices with internet access, having a responsive design ensures that your site can be properly viewed and navigated on any device.
Adaptive design is about creating different layouts for different screens, while responsive design is about creating one layout that can adapt to all screens.
Various software like Adobe Dreamweaver, Bootstrap, Google Web Designer, and Sketch are used for creating responsive designs.
Responsive design can increase reach to mobile and tablet users, increase sales and conversion rates, consolidate your analytics and reporting, and save time and cost on mobile development.
In conclusion, responsive design is an essential element in modern web development. It ensures that your site is accessible and user-friendly, regardless of the device it's viewed on.