A subprocessor is a third-party data processor appointed by the data controller to provide specific processing activities on personal data on behalf of the data controller. The use of subprocessors is common in the digital world, particularly in cloud-based services where data is often stored and managed by third-party providers.
Subprocessors are used in various contexts, most notably in information technology and data management. They are typically used when the primary processor needs to delegate some of its processing activities to another entity. This could be due to a variety of reasons, such as lack of resources, expertise, or time. The primary processor remains responsible for ensuring the subprocessor complies with data protection laws and regulations.
The role of a subprocessor is to carry out specific data processing activities on behalf of the primary processor. This could include activities such as data storage, data analysis, or data transfer.
A subprocessor differs from a data processor in that it performs data processing activities on behalf of the primary processor, not the data controller. However, the primary processor remains responsible for the subprocessor's compliance with data protection laws.
Subprocessors are often associated with cloud-based services such as Amazon Web Services (AWS), Google Cloud, and Microsoft Azure. These platforms often use subprocessors to handle various data processing tasks.
Using subprocessors can provide several benefits, including increased efficiency, cost savings, and access to specialized expertise. However, it's important for the primary processor to carefully manage and monitor the subprocessor to ensure compliance with data protection laws.
While the use of subprocessors can bring significant benefits, it also comes with responsibilities. The primary processor must ensure that the subprocessor complies with all relevant data protection laws and regulations, and that the data subjects' rights are protected.